Frontend & Backend



The back-end, or the “server-side”, is  how the site works, updates and changes. This means everything the user can’t see in the browser, like databases and servers.

Usually,  people who work on the back-end are called programmers or developers. Back-end developers are mainly worried with things like security, structure and content management.  They usually know and can use languages like HTML and CSS. The code they write communicates with the server and then tells the browser what to use from the database.

Back-end developers, or at least back-end development, is required to create a dynamic site. A dynamic site is a site that’s constantly changing and updated in real-time. Most sites are dynamic sites, as opposed to static sites, for example, blogs are dynamic sites since their content is constantly changing and updating.




Front end developers use HTML, CSS, and JavaScript to code the website and web app designs created by web designers. The code they write runs inside the user’s browser (as opposed to a back-end developer, whose code runs on the web server). The challenge associated with front end development is that the tools and techniques used to create the front end of a website change constantly and so the developer needs to constantly be aware of how the field is developing.



References (2015). What’s the Difference Between the Front-End and Back-End?. [online] Available at: [Accessed 3 Mar. 2017].

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